3 common stroke symptoms

One or any combination of these may be present

Limb weakness

Weakness is common after a stroke. It can affect a single limb or one side of the body, this is known as hemiparesis. Hemiplegia is paralysis of one side of the body. 

 

Limb weakness should improve with physiotherapy, the amount of recovery varies from person to person. A paralysed limb is less likely to fully recover. 

Speech impairment 

After a stroke someone may struggle to articulate what they wish to say. Another type of impairment affects language processing, these individuals are unable to understand what’s being said and respond inappropriately as a result. 

 

They can be a mixture of both types of impairment or even a complete inability to speak. Speech and language therapy have strategies to aid both understanding and articulation. 

Visual deficit

A stroke can affect the nerve pathway responsible for vision. This typically causes visual field loss in one half of both eyes.

Visual field loss can be identified if your loved one is unable to see you when standing next to them on a particular side. In the diagram above, the left side is affected so there may be little response when standing to the left of this individual.  

 

Like all deficits after a stroke, vision can improve. However, there’s no medical treatment to restore sight. Glasses improve the clarity of vision but do not change the area that someone can see. 

This information should not substitute that provided by your medical team. They have the benefit of working with the person that you care about.

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